Biología - download pdf or read online


By Kimball, John W.

ISBN-10: 9685000204

ISBN-13: 9789685000208

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Genomic and transcriptomic analyses of species in the hemibiotrophic Colletotrichum genus indicates that they use a wide range of biochemical processes to combat host defenses [27-29]. Although differences were observed between species, hundreds of genes that encode small, secreted proteins were found and proposed to be effector molecule homologues to other biotrophic fungi [27]. Interestingly, species in the genus Colletotrichum contain the largest collection of proteases and carbohydrate-active enzymes of any fungus.

AMF are found in the rhizosphere and have a positive impact on the host by moving nutrients and water from outside the rhizosphere to 33 34 Fungal Pathogenicity give to the host in return for carbon. In order for these nutrients to move efficiently, these fungi infect and colonize the cortex of plants. This sets off innate defense responses, and mycorrhizal fungi have a sophisticated repertoire of mechanisms to maintain a mutualistic relationship with the host. Soybean plants colonized by AMF have shown greater drought tolerance and an increase capacity to uptake nutrients [38-40].

2010; 106: 897-908. [23] Calla, B, Vuong, T, Radwan, O, Hartman, GL, Clough, SJ. Gene expression profiling soybean stem tissue early response to Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and in silico mapping in relation to resistance markers. Plant Genome. 2009; 2: 149-166. [24] Amselem, J, Cuomo, CA, van Kan, JAL, Viaud, M, Benito, EP, Couloux, A, Coutinho, PM, de Vries, RP, Dyer, PS, Fillinger, S, Fournier, E, Gout, L, Hahn, M, Kohn, LM, Lapalu, N, Plummer, KM, Pradier, JM, Quevillon, E, Sharon, A, Simon, A, ten Have, A, Tudzynski, B, Tudzynski, P, Wincker, P, Andrew, M, Anthouard, V, Beever, RE, Beffa, R, Benoit, I, Bouzid, O, Brault, B, Chen, ZH, Choquer, M, Collemare, J, Cotton, P, Danchin, EG, Da Silva, C, Gautier, A, Giraud, C, Giraud, T, Gonzalez, C, Grosse‐ tete, S, Guldener, U, Henrissat, B, Howlett, BJ, Kodira, C, Kretschmer, M, Lappar‐ tient, A, Leroch, M, Levis, C, Mauceli, E, Neuveglise, C, Oeser, B, Pearson, M, Poulain, J, Poussereau, N, Quesneville, H, Rascle, C, Schumacher, J, Segurens, B, Sex‐ 39 40 Fungal Pathogenicity ton, A, Silva, E, Sirven, C, Soanes, DM, Talbot, NJ, Templeton, M, Yandava, C, Yard‐ en, O, Zeng, QD, Rollins, JA, Lebrun, MH, Dickman, M.

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Biología by Kimball, John W.

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