Read e-book online Analysing Middle Eastern Foreign Policies: The Relationship PDF
By Gerd Nonneman
Within the post-9/11 weather, the function of heart jap and North African (MENA) states in Europe’s local defense atmosphere and overseas politics has develop into greater than ever a spotlight for consciousness, yet continues to be ill-understood. This e-book presents a framework for the research of heart jap overseas rules in most cases, and for figuring out those states’ family members with Europe specifically. The ebook fills a spot within the literature on Euro-Middle japanese relatives through adopting a south-to-north standpoint, utilizing the instruments of overseas coverage research to envision the determinants of the international regulations of the MENA states themselves: merely therefore can one wish to reach at a real knowing of what underlies those states’ evolving coverage orientations and behavior in the direction of Europe. the amount begins by way of laying out a conceptual framework for research, and reading the family, local, and foreign environments that MENA international rules. genuine coverage output is then systematically investigated via a variety of nation case reports starting from the Maghreb and the Mashreq to the Gulf and Turkey. Europe is taken care of all through either as a goal of these international guidelines, and as a part of the surroundings that shapes them. the results of a two-year undertaking subsidized via the ecu collage Institute’s Mediterranean Programme, the booklet is helping bridge the divide among heart East services and the self-discipline of diplomacy. The systematic comparative research of MENA states’ international coverage with specified connection with Europe throws new gentle on questions about ‘Third international’ international coverage.
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Extra info for Analysing Middle Eastern Foreign Policies: The Relationship With Europe
Virtually all of the MENA states came under the direct or indirect rule of European powers and in many cases were in fact created by them. Leaving aside Turkey, the main exceptions are Saudi Arabia and North Yemen – but here too the inﬂuence of Britain in particular was strongly felt and, in the Saudi case, effectively used by the local regime. This history has led to persisting linkages in a number of ways, mirroring the experience of former colonies in other parts of the world. At an elite level, a pattern of personal, educational, and social connections emerged that in many cases persists today.
Contrasts and Tensions Historical and cultural tensions are perhaps the most commonly commented upon, having developed a mythological quality all their own quite apart from the underlying facts. Their current impact can only be understood, however, in the context of speciﬁc modern political and economic tensions. The political category comprises domestic as well as regional issues in the MENA region. Domestic, in that Europe (in particular France and Britain) are often perceived locally as helping to shore up regimes of dubious legitimacy (quite apart from the role they played in bringing these regimes into being in the ﬁrst place).
While such ties have in some cases left a strong nationalist reﬂex, they also left a legacy of personal, linguistic and economic links that continue to play a role today. A third reason is Europe’s own position in the international system, as a set of relatively important actors in their (and to a lesser extent, its) own right and both ally and rival to the one remaining superpower. The Europe–US–MENA Triangle US–European relations have a signiﬁcant impact on the region and its foreign policy options and choices.
Analysing Middle Eastern Foreign Policies: The Relationship With Europe by Gerd Nonneman