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By David E. Stannard
For 400 years-from the 1st Spanish attacks opposed to the Arawak humans of Hispaniola within the 1490s to the U.S. Army's bloodbath of Sioux Indians at Wounded Knee within the 1890s—the indigenous population of North and South the United States persevered an endless firestorm of violence. in the course of that point the local inhabitants of the Western Hemisphere declined by way of as many as a hundred million humans. certainly, as historian David E. Stannard argues during this wonderful new ebook, the ecu and white American destruction of the local peoples of the Americas was once the main large act of genocide within the heritage of the world.
Stannard starts with a portrait of the big richness and variety of lifestyles within the Americas ahead of Columbus's fateful voyage in 1492. He then follows the trail of genocide from the Indies to Mexico and important and South the United States, then north to Florida, Virginia, and New England, and at last out around the nice Plains and Southwest to California and the North Pacific Coast. Stannard finds that anywhere Europeans or white american citizens went, the local humans have been stuck among imported plagues and barbarous atrocities, normally leading to the annihilation of ninety five percentage in their populations. what sort of humans, he asks, do such horrendous issues to others? His hugely provocative solution: Christians. Digging deeply into historic eu and Christian attitudes towards intercourse, race, and conflict, he reveals the cultural floor ready through the tip of the center a while for the centuries-long genocide crusade that Europeans and their descendants launched-and in areas proceed to wage-against the hot World's unique population. Advancing a thesis that's absolute to create a lot controversy, Stannard contends that the perpetrators of the yank Holocaust drew at the comparable ideological wellspring as did the later architects of the Nazi Holocaust.
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Additional info for American Holocaust: Colombus and the Conquest of the New World
Another import from the south-from South America-was tobacco, which they smoked through pipes in rituals of cel ebration and remembrance. From neighboring residents of the area that we now know as the Carolinas they imported sheets of mica, while from Lake Superior and beyond to the north they acquired copper, which they hammered and cut and worked into bracelets and rings and other bodily adornments. Overlapping chronologically with the Adena was the Hopewell Culture that grew in time to cover an area stretching in one direction from the northern Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico, in the other direction from Kansas to New York.
Others did relocate their towns and villages on cyclical schedules dictated by the drastically changing seasons of this area, disas sembling and reassembling their portable homes known as tipis. These dwellings were far different from the image most modern Americans have of them, however; when one of the earliest European explorers of the southwestern plains first came upon an Indian village containing scores of carefully arranged tipis "made of tanned hides, very bright red and white in color and bell-shaped .
25 Once the natives have thus been banished from col lective memory, a� least as people of numerical and cultural consequence, the settler group's moral and intellectual right to conquest is claimed to be established without question. As Frantz Fanon once put it: "The colonial ist . . reaches the point of no longer being able to imagine a time occur- BEFORE C O LUMBUS 15 ring without him. His irruption into the history of the colonized people is deified, transformed into absolute necessity.
American Holocaust: Colombus and the Conquest of the New World by David E. Stannard