Read e-book online Advanced Reactors: Physics, Design and Economics. PDF


By J. M. Kallfelz, R. A. Karam

ISBN-10: 0080196101

ISBN-13: 9780080196107

Complex Reactors: Physics, layout and Economics comprises the court cases of the foreign convention held at Atlanta, Georgia on September 8-11, 1974.
Organized in response to the periods of the convention, this e-book first describes the nationwide courses for the improvement of complex reactors. next periods facilities on economics of complex reactors; advancements in reactor idea; complicated reactor experiments and research; go part info and calculational tools. The final 3 classes specialise in sensitivity research of crucial reactor parameters; difficulties within the layout of complicated reactors; and the layout and operational adventure for complex reactors.

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Extra info for Advanced Reactors: Physics, Design and Economics. Proceedings of the International Conference Held at Atlanta, Georgia, September 8–11, 1974

Sample text

5. Below is given a short description of the state-ofthe-art of the BR-5(10), BOR-60, BN-350 and BN-600 reactors. 1. BR-5* The BR-5 reactor was stopped for reconstruc­ tion in summer of 1971. By this time it had been operated for 12 years. The primary circuit of the reactor was filled with sodium more than 92000 hours including at the temperature of 450-510° C - 28000 hours. In this case high carbon content (0#4*1«7)*10 i2 ' % in primary sodium should be taken into ac­ count. Some reactor elements had received by this tiara an in­ tegral fast neutron irradiation dose of (4 ♦ 8) x 1 0 ^ n/cm6.

Successful operation of the BR-5 reactor inspired us to further development of this concept, to development of highpower fast reactors of this type. 4. The BN-350 is the first commercial reactor of this type. Due to rather a small sodium volume fraction (33%), large breeding blanket thickness (~60 cm), the use of fuel 58 compensators of reactivity and other measures the BN-350 reac­ tor has a very high breeding: the conversion factor U*-*> Pu is approximately equal to unity and when using plutonium from the thermal reactors it will have the breeding ratio of 1,4 - 1 .

The main data of the reference d e ­ sign a r e shown in Tab, 7 . 3 . Extended design and safety studies around these basic concepts a r e going on presently mainly between the KWU and the Karlsruhe Nuclear Research Center. A basic assumption for the design basis accident is, that the largest penetration of the PCRV b r e a k s . This means the failure of the seal of the steam generator plug. The p r e s s u r e decay time is roughly 100 sec. The assumed scram delay about 10 sec. , mid clad Too°C Max.

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Advanced Reactors: Physics, Design and Economics. Proceedings of the International Conference Held at Atlanta, Georgia, September 8–11, 1974 by J. M. Kallfelz, R. A. Karam

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