Download e-book for iPad: A Great and Noble Scheme: The Tragic Story of the Expulsion by John Mack Faragher
By John Mack Faragher
In 1755, New England troops launched into a "great and noble scheme" to expel 18,000 French-speaking Acadians ("the impartial French") from Nova Scotia, killing millions, setting apart innumerable households, and using many into forests the place they waged a determined guerrilla resistance. the perfect of neutrality; to stay in peace from the imperial wars waged among France and England; have been one of many founding values of Acadia; its settlers traded and intermarried freely with local Mikmaq Indians and English Protestants alike. however the Acadians' refusal to swear unconditional allegiance to the British Crown within the mid-eighteenth century gave New Englanders, who had lengthy coveted Nova Scotia's fertile farmland, pretense sufficient to release a crusade of ethnic detoxification on an immense scale. John Mack Faragher attracts on unique examine to weave a hundred and fifty years of background right into a gripping narrative of either the civilization of Acadia and the British plot to smash it. forty illustrations, 6 maps
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Additional info for A Great and Noble Scheme: The Tragic Story of the Expulsion of the French Acadians from Their American Homeland
64 A transcript of an interim Macy meeting, devoted to the social sciences and held in September 1946, shows that Wiener said the yes-no character of nerve impulses could be analyzed as a discrete time series. 65 Difficult-to-read notes taken by Margaret Mead show that Wiener discussed “amount of information,” its logarithmic measure, coding, and entropy at the second regular conference, held in October 1946. ”66 The subject was certainly on Wiener’s mind in early 1947, the key period for working out this concept.
53 Wiener did not make explicit the connection between a time-series analysis and information as a measure of possible alternatives until after the war. In fact, there are only a few instances where he wrote about information as a scientific concept before then. 54 Yet Wiener did expand his study of information at this time. 55 This is the earliest instance I have found of Wiener using the technical term amount of information. The term was known in electrical engineering theory through the work of Ralph Hartley at Bell Labs in the 1920s,56 but mathematicians commonly associated it with statistician Ronald Fisher who made his mark analyzing agricultural experiments.
Based Institute of Radio Engineer’s Professional Group on Information Theory, both of which were established in the early 1950s (see chapter 4). Some members of the Macy group strove to combine cybernetics and information theory into a universal discipline.
A Great and Noble Scheme: The Tragic Story of the Expulsion of the French Acadians from Their American Homeland by John Mack Faragher