Read e-book online A Choctaw Reference Grammar PDF

By George Aaron Broadwell BA MA PhD

ISBN-10: 0803213158

ISBN-13: 9780803213159

This e-book is the main entire reference grammar of Choctaw, an American Indian language spoken via nearly 11 thousand humans positioned basically in Mississippi and Oklahoma. in response to nineteen years of box paintings with audio system of the Mississippi and Oklahoma dialects and greater than one hundred fifty years of written Choctaw fabric, A Choctaw Reference Grammar includes the main whole description thus far of the morphology of the language in addition to a radical remedy of word constitution, note order, case marking, and complementation.The Choctaw tribe used to be divided into Oklahoma and Mississippi teams throughout the Indian removing of the 1830s. at the present time the vast majority of fluent audio system one of the Oklahoma Choctaws are greater than 40 years previous, and few teenagers communicate the language. even though extra childrens one of the Mississippi Choctaws research the language, the quantity is declining. simply because language is key to conserving the Choctaws’ lifestyle and either dialects of Choctaw are endangered, cautious documentation of the grammatical constitution of the language is significantly very important. Compiled through the major scholarly professional at the Choctaw language, George Aaron Broadwell, this quantity is either a realistic consultant to local audio system and an imperative guide for linguists.

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Extra resources for A Choctaw Reference Grammar

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Ulrich 1986:282) At the right edge of the word, there is variation in what counts as the end of the word. Recall that the rule of rhythmic lengthening only affects syllables t h a t are non-final in some domain. ' Other speakers do allow rhythmic lengthening before doh: It is difficult to generalize about the distribution of these two patterns, but the latter seems more frequent with Mississippi Choctaws. Oklahoma Choctaws show both patterns. 2. The reanalysis of rhythmic lengthening Since a verb stem of the shape /CVCVCV/ very frequently appears 9.

Clearly this is the most correct approach, but it involves so many difficulties that it is impractical to carry out in a work of this size. Under this option, every word of the shape [CVCV:CV] must be compared with a prefixed form to determine its underlying form before its orthographic representation can be determined. Furthermore, the representation arrived at for one speaker will not necessarily be the same as that for another speaker. Thus, to know how to write a speaker's utterance correctly, the writer must elicit additional morphological information from that speaker for each ambiguous verb.

2. Sentences with first and second person arguments Sentences that contain a first or second person argument show more complex morphology. Intransitive verbs fall into three classes (I, 11, and 111), according to the type of agreement shown with the subject: (8) Baliili-li-tok. ' (9) Sa-niya-h. ' (10) A-ponna-h. ' As discussed in chapter 9, the I11 prefixes are probably best treated as dative applicatives. Transitive verbs also fall into several classes (I/II, I/III, 11/11, II/III, III/II), depending on the sort of agreement with subjects and objects: (11) Chi-pisa-li-h.

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A Choctaw Reference Grammar by George Aaron Broadwell BA MA PhD

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