Download e-book for kindle: A Brief History of Bolivia, 2nd Edition by Waltraud Q. Morales

History 1

By Waltraud Q. Morales

ISBN-10: 0816078777

ISBN-13: 9780816078776

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Regionalism has influenced the unequal distribution and development of Bolivia’s xlv A Brief History of bolivia population, but it has also insulated Bolivians from outsiders and protected the country’s multiethnic and cultural diversity. Nevertheless, uniting and ruling the disparate regions and peoples of this underpopulated country continues to challenge Bolivian governments. xlvi 1 The Ancient Indian Peoples T he history of ancient Bolivia encompasses primarily the Indian empires of the Tiwanakan, the Aymara, and the Incan peoples.

Isolated and completely dependent on outside resources for clothing, food, and housing, Bolivian miners have been a hardy, poor, and longsuffering class of workers. The transitional upper valleys of the sub-Andean region lie between 10,000 and 14,500 feet and include the departments of Tarija, Chuquisaca, and Cochabamba. The city of Cochabamba, Bolivia’s third largest, and its surrounding valleys are the granary and food basket of the nation. These broad upper valleys of the central Andes to the east and southeast of the altiplano enjoy a perpetual spring of Mediterranean-like climate.

Inca Sinchi Roca, the successor of Manco Capac, is believed to have divided the empire into four geographical sections that were ruled by viceroys and were internally further divided into provinces and subprovinces ruled by provincial officials. The subprovinces were made up of several allyus, headed by curacas, who were either elected or the hereditary chiefs of the conquered governments. At the next lower level of organization were the tribes and the villages, which consisted of 100 families, and at the very bottom were groups of 10 families served by a headman.

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A Brief History of Bolivia, 2nd Edition by Waltraud Q. Morales

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